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Rosacea is a chronic skin condition characterized by redness, flushing, and the development of visible red blood vessels on the face, in addition to acne-like pustules. While the exact cause of rosacea is still unknown, several factors are believed to contribute to its development. There are likely genetic and environmental factors that contribute to the development of rosacea. Many things can trigger a flare of rosacea, such as stress, exposure to sunlight, extreme temperatures, exercise, wind, spicy foods, alcohol, and certain medications can exacerbate rosacea symptoms. There seems to be some unknown reason that blood vessels leak inflammatory mediators, leading to the inflammation seen in rosacea.

Rosacea is a chronic skin condition characterized by redness, flushing, and the development of visible red blood vessels on the face, in addition to acne-like pustules.

The presentation of rosacea can vary among individuals, but common signs and symptoms include facial redness, particularly in the central areas of the face such as the cheeks and nose. Flushing episodes, often triggered by emotional stress or certain triggers, are also a hallmark of rosacea. Another characteristic feature is the development of small, visible blood vessels (telangiectasia) on the skin. Papules, pustules, and even thickened skin may occur, resembling acne. Some individuals with rosacea may also experience ocular symptoms such as dryness, burning, and irritated eyes. Similar conditions are perioral dermatitis and periorificial dermatitis.

Treatment options for rosacea focus on managing the symptoms and reducing flare-ups. While there is no cure for the condition, several approaches can help control and alleviate its effects. Topical medications, such as metronidazole and azelaic acid, are commonly prescribed to reduce inflammation and redness. Relatively newer medications, like topical ivermectin, can also be helpful. In some cases, oral antibiotics, such as doxycycline, may be prescribed to manage inflammatory papules and pustules.

Laser and light therapies can be effective in reducing visible blood vessels and improving the appearance of the skin. Additionally, it is helpful for individuals with rosacea to identify and avoid triggers that worsen their symptoms. Regular, gentle skincare routines and the use of gentle, non-irritating products are also recommended to maintain skin health and minimize irritation.

Should I be screened for Skin Cancer?

Floridians (and part-time Floridians) have an elevated risk of skin cancer due to prolonged sun exposure from leisure and work activities. So many residents enjoy outdoor activities from golf to pickleball to boating, which is in part why they want to live here. It's important to protect your skin while enjoying the outdoors.

Regular screenings can help identify any suspicious moles, growths, or skin abnormalities that may indicate skin cancer. By detecting skin cancer in its early stages, the chances of successful treatment and cure are significantly higher.

Remember that prevention is key when it comes to skin cancer. Protecting your skin from excessive sun exposure, using sunscreen, wearing protective clothing, and avoiding tanning beds can all reduce the risk of developing skin cancer. However, even with preventive measures, regular screenings remain important for early detection and timely treatment. Our team at Florida Dermatology Specialists is ready to examine your skin for any suspicious lesions.


Can Oral Minoxidil Help Hair Loss?

Recently an article appeared in the press generating a lot of questions about treating hair loss with oral minoxidil.
Minoxidil is a medication that is commonly used to treat hair loss. It is available in both topical and oral forms. Oral minoxidil is a medication that is typically prescribed to treat high blood pressure, but has also been found to stimulate hair growth. One of the advantages of oral minoxidil is that it can provide significant hair regrowth in individuals with hair loss, including those who have not responded to other treatments. It is also relatively easy to take, as it is a pill that can be taken once or twice a day. Additionally, oral minoxidil may result in increased hair thickness and density, as well as improved hair health overall.

However, there are also some potential drawbacks to using oral minoxidil for hair loss. One of the most significant risks is low blood pressure, which can cause dizziness, lightheadedness, and even fainting. For this reason, individuals taking oral minoxidil must be monitored regularly. Other potential side effects include fluid retention, weight gain, chest pain, and pericardial effusion. Additionally, oral minoxidil may interact with other medications, so it is essential to inform your doctor of any other medications you are taking before starting treatment. Finally, while oral minoxidil can be an effective treatment for hair loss, it is not a permanent solution. Once treatment is stopped, hair regrowth may gradually cease, and hair loss may resume. In our opinion, there are generally better options for hair loss than oral minoxidil.

How to Apply & Reapply Sunblock

Proper application of sunscreen is crucial to ensure maximum protection from the sun's harmful UV rays. The first step is to choose a sunscreen with a broad-spectrum SPF of at least 30. It is recommended to apply sunscreen 15-30 minutes before sun exposure to allow time for it to fully absorb into the skin. It is essential to apply sunscreen to all exposed areas of the body, including the face, ears, neck, and hands. Be sure to use enough sunscreen, approximately one ounce or a shot glass full, to cover the entire body.

When applying sunscreen, start by applying a small amount and spreading it evenly over the skin.

Don't forget to apply sunscreen to the tops of the feet, the back of the neck, and the ears, as these areas are often overlooked but can be susceptible to sunburn. Reapply sunscreen every two hours or after swimming or sweating. Remember that no sunscreen is 100% effective, so it is important to use other sun protection methods, such as wearing a wide brim hat, seeking shade, and avoiding sun exposure during peak hours.

By following these guidelines, you can help protect your skin from the damaging effects of the sun and reduce the risk of sunburn, skin cancer, and premature aging.

Real Patient Reviews

"My wife and I both go to Dr. Krathen and have been patients for ten years or more. We could not be more pleased and would recommend Dr. Krathen to everyone who wants top notch care by a true professional." - JS

Olivia is very kind and caring and professional. She listens and provides answers to my concerns. She goes above and beyond for her patients." - GH

"Dr. Krathen is the most professional, caring, friendly and skilled dermatologist I’ve ever had. He is patient in answering all your questions. I highly recommend him to all my family and friends." - ES